CFD & AMP Center
Department of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering
West Virginia University
E: ismail.celik@mail.wvu.edu

Direct Utilization of Coal Syngas in High Temperature Fuel Cells

Title
Direct Utilization of Coal Syngas in High Temperature Fuel Cells
 
Sponsor
EPSCOR
 
Researchers
Dr. Ismail B. Celik
Dr. Nihan Cayan
Dr. Raju Pakalapati
Hayri Sezer
 

Executive Summary

Formulate a simple, but accurate model for mass transport and heterogeneous reactions inside the Ni-YSZ based anode of an SOFC which includes gas phase diffusion, Knudsen diffusion and surface diffusion.

Develop 1D phenomenological models to correlate the anode performance to transport of contaminants inside the anode and predict the performance of the SOFCs upon exposure to syngas contaminants.

Extention of 1D degradation model to the 3D model for large scale planar cell and perform simulations for planar cells to compare performance degradation between button cell and planar cell


Experimental and numerical results of button cell degradation

Correlation obtained with accelerated button cell simulations can be used to estimate cell life time and tolerance limits.